Fortinet Virtual Domain (VDOM) Authentication 

FortiOS VDOM (Virtual Domain) is a feature of Fortinet's FortiGate firewall that allows the creation of multiple virtual instances of a single physical FortiGate device. Each VDOM can have its own security policies, Network Address Translation (NAT) rules, and configurations, allowing for tailored security measures for different users. Administrators can allocate specific resources (CPU, memory, and bandwidth) to each VDOM to ensure proper usage and performance isolation.

VDOM mode allows the creation of multiple virtual instances within a single FortiGate unit. A normal FortiGate unit operates as a single entity with one management context and one set of security policies, routing configurations, and firewall rules. 

When the VDOMs are configured with different modes (split/Multiple), the scan report includes the configuration information and the associated VDOM profile name.

The following is an example to show if the host is configured as split or multi-VDOM.

User privileges to access the settings for all VDOMs

An account profile (Accprofile) with a super_admin user role has the privilege to access the global settings and the settings for all VDOMs. The user must have super_admin access to perform the PC scans. 

Accprofiles can be created using the following commands:

  1. config system accprofile
  2. edit <accprofile_name>
  3. set <permissions>

For example

  1. config system accprofile
  2. edit test
  3. set system-execute-ssh

After authentication, shell setup is performed by executing the config global command.

Now, you can access:

If the setting is VDOM specific, you can view all the settings present across all VDOMs. For example,  

<K>fortios.config_user.auth-lockout-threshold</K>
<V>config vdom root|:|config user setting|:|set auth-lockout-threshold 3</V>
<V>config vdom FG_TRAFFIC|:|config user setting|:|set auth-lockout-threshold 3</V>

If the setting is global, you can fetch it from global config. For example, 

<K>fortios.minimum-length</K>
<V>config system password-policy|:|set minimum-length 8</V>

Perform the following steps for the Fortinet VDOM instance scan.

  1. Create a user using the Command Line interface or FortGate User Interface.
     
  2. Create an authentication record.

Create a User using CLI or FortiGate User Interface

A new user can be created using CLI or FortiGate User Interface

  1. Steps to create a user using Command Line Interface (CLI) using the following commands: 
    1. Config global
    2. Config system admin
    3. edit <user_name>
    4. set password <password>
    5. set vdom <>vdom_name>
    6. set accprofile <accprofile_name>
       
    For example
    1. config global
    2. config system admin
    3. edit test_user
    4. set password *******
    5. set accprofile super_admin
    6. set vdom root
       
  2. Steps to create a user using FortiGate User Interface
    1. Log in to Fortigate VM64.
    2. Go to Global.
    3. Under Global select Administrators.
    4. Enter the Username, Password and Confirm Password.
    5. Select the Administrator Profile and Virtual Domains.
    6. Click OK.

      Creating a user account in FortiGate VM64.

Create an authentication record

Perform the following steps to create an authentication record to scan the hosts configured with different VDOM modes.

  1. Go to Scans > Authentication > New > Operating Systems > Unix

    Selecting the Unix OS from Scans tab.

     
  2. Enter the Username and Password of administrative access and select FortigateOS vdom (PC) from the target type list

    Selecting the Fortigate vdom target type for creating the auth record.
     
  3. Click Create